The city Rostov-on-Don is situated on the southern part of Europe and is also mystifyingly right aligned on the bank of River Don, some 48 km from the Sea of Azov. The climate here is continental, with moderately cold winters (mean January temperature is -7°C) and pleasantly hot summers (mean July temperature is +23°C). Rostov was founded in the year 1749 when the Temernitskaya Customs Post was set up to supervise the trade routes that were leading to the south of Russia. Consequently a fortress and port were also built to safeguard the vicinity which was named in honor of Metropolitan Dmitry Rostovsky.
This evolving city, today, is groomed with more than 150 mega industrial enterprises, the most famed among them is Rostselmash, producing umpteen varieties of farm machinery. The city is also famous for its tingling and sparkling wines, including Soviet Champagne and Tsimlyanskoye. It has nine higher educational establishments with a high rising and magnificent Rostov medical university, Engineering University, hundreds of libraries, research and design institutes etc.
Rostov-on-Don hosts higher educational establishments, including universities, academies, secondary schools of vocational training including colleges, technical schools, specialized schools and elementary schools of vocational training including lyceums, professional colleges and schools of general education.
The Don State Public Library,
Central Library named after Maxim Gorky,
Regional Children’s Library named after V.M. Velichkina
Rostov Regional Special Library for the Blind,
Scientific Library of the Medical University,
Central State Children’s Library named after Lenin
Children’s Library named after A.S. Pushkin
Children’s Library named after Mayakovsky
South-Russian Don State Public Library
Maxim Gorky Academic Drama Theater
Rostov State Puppet Theater
Rostov Regional Academic Theater of the Youth
Rostov Musical Theater
Kim Nazaretov jazz center
In the Academic Drama Theater named after Maxim Gorky works Mikhail Bushnov, who is the national artist of the USSR and an honorary citizen of Rostov-on-Don.
Other facilities include seven stadiums, a Palace of Sports, a circus, a zoo, botanical gardens and parks. Rostov-on-Don hosts the North Caucasian Science Center and research institutes.